Scenario: How to install MariaDB on CentOS/RHEL 7
1) Create MariaDB 10 repository.
# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo
On CentOS 7
[mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.1/centos7-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
On RHEL 7
[mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.1/rhel7-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB gpgcheck=1
2. Once MariaDB repository has been added, you can easily install it with yum command.
# yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
3) Start the service and enable to start MariaDB on boot.
# systemctl start mariadb
# systemctl enable mariadb
4) Secure MariaDB in CentOS 7
[root@centos7ht ~]# mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: [type your password] Re-enter new password: [re-type your password] Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB! [root@centos7ht ~]#
5) Check the installation.
Command to check MariaDB version:
# mysql -V
[root@centos7ht ~]# mysql -V mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.1.36-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1 [root@centos7ht ~]#
Command login to MariaDB
# mysql -u root -p
[root@centos7ht ~]# mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 15 Server version: 10.1.36-MariaDB MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]> quit Bye [root@centos7ht ~]#